What is CBG (cannabigerol)? – Leaf Science


If you assume the planet of cannabis-primarily based words and abbreviations is a confusing 1, then you are not on your personal. From sativas to percolators to tetrahydrocannabinols, unless you are totally ingrained inside the culture, these terms are possibly going to fly correct more than your head.

The most essential words inside the cannabis dictionary are cannabinoids. They are the chemical molecules which are identified in abundance exclusively inside the cannabis plant and they are what make cannabis such a sought just after plant.

Two renowned cannabinoids are cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol, or CBD and THC respectively. These two are identified in abundance inside cannabis and as such are the most extensively researched and understood. On the other hand, there are more than 100 other folks that exist, all with a wealth of physiological properties that seem to have advantages to humans.


One particular such cannabinoid is cannabigerol, or CBG. A cannabinoid which is only present in minute quantities in a totally grown cannabis plant, but initial analysis has shown it plays an essential part in the pathway and creation of other cannabinoids as properly as harboring a variety of medicinal properties for humans.

What is CBG? What are the advantages? Will CBG get you higher? And, could CBG be useful to you? Will we clarify all the information about this lesser identified cannabinoid.

What is CBG?

CBG chemical structure - LeafScience
CBG chemical structure

Cannabigerol is 1 of 113 identified cannabinoids that is created by the cannabis plant. It is non-psychotropic, so just like CBD, it does not result in any feelings of becoming ‘high’ or ‘stoned’ that are synonymous with the cannabis plant. 

It is classed as a cannabinoid antagonist, which suggests if it is in higher sufficient quantities, it can decrease the thoughts-altering effects exhibited by THC.

To far better have an understanding of the part of cannabigerol, we have to have to far better have an understanding of the pathway of how some cannabinoids are formed inside the cannabis plant. 

Cannabinoids and their acid precursors

Cannabinoids exist mainly in the cannabis plant as their acid precursors. So, till heat is applied, THC exists and THCA, CBD exists as CBDA and so on. The method of removing the acidic group, or the A, is known as a decarboxylation reaction. So, this is why a cannabis user ought to very first either smoke, vape or heat cannabis buds in some way if they want to use it recreationally. THC is psychotropic, whereas THCA is not.

You could have guessed that CBG exists inside the cannabis plant as CBGA, or cannabigerolic acid.

CBGA is the precursor to each THCA and CBDA, which suggests it is the compound that will adjust into either of these compounds based upon a quantity of variables that exist inside the cannabis plant.

CBGA is the mother of each of the most sought just after compounds inside the cannabis plant, and without the need of it cannabis would just not be the similar.

The speed at which CBGA converts into THCA is frequently a great deal faster than the speed it converts into CBDA. Hence, strains bred for low THC but higher CBD will also have fairly a higher CBG content material. Therefore, you will much more probably obtain CBG in hemp.

Cannabis analysis scientists are at the moment perfecting strains of cannabis which fully quit the conversion of CBGA into either THCA or CBDA, by stopping the production of enzymes which help the conversion. This would let for much more CBG to be present in the final plant and plants bred in this way could turn out to be pretty essential in future scientific analysis efforts.

hemp cbd field

What medicinal advantages does CBG have?

Out of the 100 cannabinoids that exist inside the cannabis plant, some exist only when the plant is an infant. Other folks only type when the plant is totally grown and some only exist at the pretty finish of the curing method.

As humans we have an understanding of pretty tiny about some of these cannabinoids. In reality, THC is nevertheless the most properly researched cannabinoid. Subsequent is CBD, and even although it was found in 1940, it wasn’t till the final ten years that it has turn out to be a concentrate on scientific analysis and considering the fact that it has been heralded as a healthcare powerhouse.

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It is also identified that cannabis has constructive healthcare effects on the human physique that can not be explained by either THC or CBD. So, could these be explained by CBG, or any of the other cannabinoids inside the plant?

The healthcare properties that are becoming connected with CBG, and for which it is at the moment beneath healthcare analysis for are:

  • Glaucoma
  • Reduction of cancer cells
  • Inflammation
  • Chronic Discomfort
  • Anxiousness
  • Neurodegenerative ailments
  • Auto-immune ailments
  • Epilepsy

The reality that CBG is non-psychotropic is a bonus for clinical analysis trial on humans. This is since isolated types of CBG are scheduled and controlled in a various way to cannabis, which means it can be much more freely researched. Also, it suggests that if it is established to hold medicinal worth, physicians will seek to prescribe it more than other drugs with robust side effects.

cannabis topicals products
(Photo: Sonya Yruel/Drug Policy Alliance)

What does the future hold for CBG?

When breeding cannabis plants for higher CBG, growers have only managed to hit levels of about two.five%, which pales in comparison to the levels THC reaches in some strains of about 30%. 

Hence, you would have to have about 10x the quantity of cannabis plants to extract the similar quantities of CBG as either CBD or THC. So, perform is required in order to up that percentage if CBG is going to attain anyplace close to the similar level that CBD business is at at the moment. If not then it just will not be an economically viable small business model.

If this is doable, then it is virtually inevitable that CBG will enter the main industrial market place as its personal well being and wellness supplement. If it does not, then we can just count on to obtain it advertised as an added element to CBD oil, as it at the moment is in several hemp-extracted CBD oils on the market place.

There is also a terrific possibility of CBG becoming a organic fungicide or antibiotic due to it becoming linked with getting robust antibacterial and antifungal properties.

What ever the outcome, the future is seeking vibrant for the industrial properties of CBG, the newest cannabinoid to obtain notoriety.


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