Medical cannabis a potential different to scale back persistent opioid use

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OBJECTIVE:

To find out the affiliation of medical marijuana legalization with prescription opioid utilization.

METHODS:

A 10% pattern of a nationally consultant database of commercially insured inhabitants was used to assemble data on opioid use, persistent opioid use, and high-risk opioid use for the years 2006-2014. Adults with pharmacy and medical advantages for all the calendar yr had been included within the inhabitants for that yr. Multilevel logistic regression evaluation, controlling for affected person, person-year, and state-level elements, had been used to find out the affect of medical marijuana legalization on the three opioid use measures. Sub-group evaluation amongst most cancers-free adults and most cancers-free adults with at the least one persistent non-most cancers ache situation within the explicit yr had been carried out. Alternate regression fashions had been used to check the robustness of our outcomes together with a hard and fast results mannequin, an alternate definition for begin date for medical marijuana legalization, a person-level evaluation, and a falsification take a look at.

RESULTS:

The ultimate pattern included a complete of 4,840,562 individuals translating into 15,705,562 individual years. Medical marijuana legalization was discovered to be related to a decrease odds of any opioid use: OR = 0.95 (0.94-0.96), persistent opioid use: OR = 0.93 (0.91-0.95), and high-risk opioid use: OR = 0.96 (0.94-0.98). The findings had been related in each the sub-group analyses and all of the sensitivity analyses. The falsification assessments confirmed no affiliation between medical marijuana legalization and prescriptions for antihyperlipidemics (OR = 1.00; CI 0.99-1.01) or antihypertensives (OR = 1.00; CI 0.99-1.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

In states the place marijuana is offered by means of medical channels, a modestly decrease charge of opioid and high-risk opioid prescribing was noticed. Coverage makers might contemplate medical marijuana legalization as a device that will modestly scale back persistent and high-risk opioid use. Nonetheless, additional analysis assessing threat versus advantages of medical marijuana legalization and face to face comparisons of marijuana versus opioids for ache administration is required.

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